Nursing-CarePlan.com,Nursing Care Plan Rape-Trauma Syndrome,Rape, who is also regarded as sexual assault, is a form of assault involving sexual intercourse or sexual penetration of a person without permission. Rape is usually recognized as a serious sex crimes, as well as civil assault.Perpetrators of rape may include strangers, acquaintances, neighbors, employers, or family members. Victims usually more women assaulted by acquaintances (such as a friend or friends sepekerjaan), dating couples, ex-boyfriend or intimate partner than a stranger.The research shows that psychological damage can be severe when the sexual assault perpetrated by parents against their children. Incest between a child or adolescent children and adults who knew has been known as the most widespread form of child sexual abuse with a huge impact damage to a child.
Rape Trauma Syndrome
PTSD experienced by rape victims. The term PTSD is used to characterize a set of signs – signs, symptoms and reactions to victims of rape. Rape victim may suffer from some degree of psychological trauma during, after, and in a certain period of time after the incident.
Rape Trauma Syndrome describes three psychological stages through which the rape victim: an acute phase, adjustment phase exit, stage of normalization.
- Symptoms can last a few days to a few weeks and could overlap with the adjustment phase out. Behavior that may occur in the acute phase are:
- Loss of alertness
- Do not react, stiff, cold
- Sensor blunt, affective and memory function
- Disorganization thought content
- Sick, disgusted
- Very sensitive to others
- Not all of the victims showed their emotions. Some may seem like a calm and unaffected by what has happened.
Adjustment Phase Out
- The victim is seen on stage began to return to normal life but there is a commotion that may be transformed into the following behavior:
- Continue to experience anxiety
- Feeling helpless
- Continue to experience fear or depression
- mood change – change from happy to depressed or angry
- Sleep disturbance like a dream – the dream of a clear and recurring nightmares
- Insomnia, waking, night terrors
- dissociation (feeling like getting out of the body)
- Panic Attacks
- Using coping mechanisms such as self-harm, drugs – drugs, religion, family
- The victim at this stage can have a lifestyle that is affected in the following ways:
- Feeling unsafe
- Doubt – feel free to enter a new relationship
- Sexual intercourse becomes impaired. Victims usually are not able to rebuild a normal sexual relationship and often frightened by sexual contact for some time after the incident. Some reported hindered sexual response and flashbacks to the rape incident during intercourse. Conversely there are some women who become hyper-sexual assault followed, sometimes – sometimes as a sign that they have power and choice in their sexual relationship.
- After the rape of some of the victims to see the world as a scary place to live so they create limits on their lives so that normal activities will be disrupted. For example, they may stop the activities related to the community, group or association. Or a rape victim’s mother would give an unreasonable restriction on the freedom of children – their children.
- During this stage. victim may develop a dependence on alcohol, cigarettes or drugs, either by prescription or illegally.
Physical responses that occur can include headache, fatigue, pain in the chest, throat, arms or legs. Specific symptoms may occur in part related to the attack. Oral rape victims can have a variety of complaints in the mouth and throat, while vaginal and anal rape have different physical reactions.
Buffer appetite disorders such as nausea and vomiting occur. Victims of rape also has a tendency developed into anorexia or bulimia
- a common psychological defense system that can be seen in the victims of rape are growing fears and phobias in particular the rape of the environment, for example:
- Fear in crowd
- Fear of taste alone
- Fear of man
- Fear of traveling outside (agoraphobia)
- Fear related to the specific characteristics of the rapist, like a mustache, curly hair, the smell – smells of alcohol or cigarettes, the type of clothing or a car.
- Some victims can be very suspicious, paranoid of strangers
- Some feel the fear on everyone
At this stage, the victim together with the events in his life that rape is no longer a focus in their lives. During this stage, the feelings – negative feelings such as guilt and shame to be solved and the victim is no longer blame them for the attack.
Alternative Therapy Trauma provide personalized services to address the issue – the issue of your trauma, whether the trauma of rape, the trauma of the death of someone close, the trauma of rejection, betrayal trauma, traumatic accidents, natural disaster trauma, the trauma of domestic violence, childhood trauma, physical trauma and other emotional.