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Nursing Diagnosis for Suicide

Nursing Diagnosis for Suicide
Nursing Care Plan for Suicide


Suicide is any activity Which, if not Prevented can lead to death (Gail w. Stuart, Mental Nursing, 2007) .

Suicide is the idea, signaling and Suicide Attempts, Which Often accompany depressive disorders and Often an occurs in adolescents (Harold Kaplan, Synopsis of Psychiatry, 1997).


Is universal: due to the inability of individuals to solve problems

Divided into

1 Genetic factors (based on research):

  • 1.5 to 3 times more suicidal behavior an occurs in individuals who are first-degree relatives of people with mood disorders / depression / who had made a suicide attempt .
  • More common in monozygotic twins than in dizygotic twins.

    2 Biological factors:
    Usually due to chronic diseases / medical conditions, for example:

  • Stroke
  • Disorders / cognitive impairment (dementia)

  • Diabetes
  • Coronary artery disease


    HIV / AIDS


    3 Psychosocial and Environmental Factors:

  • Theories Psychoanalytic / psychodynamic: Theory Freud did Namely the lost object associated with aggression and anger, negative feelings about Themselves, and the load depression
  • Cognitive Behavioral Theory: Theory Beck, the growing negative cognitive patterns, low self-regard

    Environmental stressors: loss of family, deception, lack of social support systems

    Suicidal behavior is divided into three categories:

    1 Suicide threats. There are verbal and non-verbal warnings, threats Showed ambivalence someone to death, if not get a response it will be interpreted as support for the suicide

    2 Suicide attempts:. All actions by individuals against self can lead to death if not Prevented

    3 Suicide: going after missed or ignored warning signs, people who commit suicide do not even really want to die may be dead

    . symptom

  • Despair
  • Self-blame

    Feelings of failure and worthlessness


  • Insomnia is settled
  • Weight loss

    Speaking of slow, fatigue

    Pulling away from the social environment

    Suicidal thoughts and plan

    Assessment of risk factors for suicidal behavior

  • gender: Increased risk in men
  • Age: older, more problems

    Relationship Status: married to lower the risk, life itself is a problem

    Family history. Increased if there is a family with attempted suicide / substance abuse Originator (life events did just happened): Loss of a loved one, unemployment, gets embarrassed in the social environment, etc.

    Personality factors:.. Often the more introverted personality / shut down Other

  • . Studies show did the white race more at risk of suicidal behavior
  • Nursing Diagnosis for Suicide

    1. Anxiety
    2. Adjustment disorder

      Low Self-Esteem

      Ineffective individual coping

      Ineffective family coping

      Disturbed Sleep Pattern

      Social isolation

      Disturbed Thought Processes

      Risk for Violence: Self-Directed

    Nursing Diagnosis for Suicide